Industrial ecology is a way of looking at manufacturing processes as natural ecosystems. The waste of one industrial process becomes the input or raw material for another.
There’s no better example of industrial ecology than the use of fly ash to supplement or replace some of the portland cement used in concrete. In addition to lowering energy consumption, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and saving natural resources, fly ash actually makes concrete stronger and more economical.
Our Lehigh Cement Company locations in the western Canadian provinces sell and distribute fly ash as well as make a blended cement called InterCem with its use. In most of our other regions as we manufacture and sell Slag Cement as a supplementary cementing material (SCM).
Fly ash is a byproduct of coal combustion in electric power plants. It’s the very fine ash recovered from exhaust gases by emission-control systems. Fly ash is a pozzolan, virtually identical to volcanic ash.
When used in concrete mixes, fly ash is known as a supplementary cementing material, or SCM. Fly ash is the most widely used SCM, and has been added to concrete since the 1930s. It can supplement cement on its own or used in conjunction with other SCM in blended cements.
Fly ash typically needs no processing and can be delivered from the power plants directly to the ready mixed concrete producer, where it is mixed with traditional ingredients of cement, aggregates and water. Concrete with fly ash is used for all types of construction projects.
More than half of all concrete is made with at least some fly ash as a substitute for part of the cement. Builders routinely use 40 percent fly ash concrete mixes, and the replacement amounts reach as high as 70 percent for some types of construction.
Fly ash is not just filler. Its benefits are both environmental and performance-related. Fly ash can make concrete stronger and more durable. It contributes to sustainable construction by conserving natural resources and lowering energy consumption and emissions.
Each ton of fly ash used to replace portland cement saves approximately one ton of carbon dioxide emissions. Fly ash use in North American is equivalent to removing more than 2.5 million cars from the road every year.